Solid Waste & Public Works Committee

Approved by Steering Committee October 3, 2018

Assist with the bids for solid waste hauling and recycling contracts and the review of proposals. Coordinate the Household Hazardous Waste Day collection, usually the first Saturday in October from 8:30 a.m. – 1 p.m. every year, including the review of bid proposals and assistance to obtain state grants to defray part of the collection costs.
Look for ways to encourage and increase recycling by residents. Promote recycling and conservation education and efforts in Cannon County Schools. Promote recycling and the reduction of solid waste by residents.

Members:

Jim Bush, Chairman – 615-765-5885

Thea Prince – 615-563-8088

Wayne Hancock – 615-563-4213

Russell Reed – 615-563-4340

Ronnie Mahaffey – 615-563-1082

Glenn Nave – 615-563-6306

Marshall Williams –

Duties and Responsibilities:

Cannon Recycles!

Did you know that recycling disposal is free, while trash is about $67.45 per ton, give or take?
In 2019, we can recycle much of our waste, and working together, we can save our environment and save ourselves about $60,000 in landfill fees.
In addition, when we convert to a convenience center with recycling, we will be on track to increase recycling tonnage by 1/3, when we formally convert to a single-stream collection with our new recycling totes.
Keep up the good work! Roughly 60-90% of domestic waste can be repurposed through recycling and composting. Kudos to all of you who are working towards a cleaner Earth!
Thank you for your continued participation.

Mission:

The Committee serves as a sounding board for the community for matters dealing with recycling and solid waste.

Complaints, Comments & Reports:

For complaints or comments regarding household trash or recycling, please contact the County Executives Office by calling (615) 563-5936, who will report them to the Committee to help ensure a timely resolution.
Contact the Committee

The preferred method of contact for the Recycling and Solid Waste Committee is by email.

By the Law:

CTAS e-Li Solid Waste Management, Collection and Disposal

Solid Waste Management, Collection and Disposal Reference Number: CTAS-524

One of the more important functions of county government is solid waste disposal. There are three (3) sources of legislative authority that may provide the framework for these services: T.C.A. Title 5, Chapter 19, T.C.A. Title 68, Chapter 211, and, in some cases, private acts, county charter or consolidated government charter.

Title 5, Chapter 19 Reference Number: CTAS-525
Counties are authorized to provide garbage and rubbish collection and disposal services to the entire county or to special districts within the county and are also granted the power to do all things necessary to carry out these functions. T.C.A. §§ 5-19-101, 5-19-107. This authority is exercised through a resolution by the county legislative body and carried out by an existing agency, a county sanitation department, or a county board of sanitation appointed by the county mayor and confirmed by the county legislative body.
Also, a county may contract with a private company or another governmental entity to provide these services for county residents. T.C.A. § 5-19-104. If a municipality within the county furnishes garbage (solid waste) collection and disposal services, the county must establish service districts outside the municipality to fund this county service if the property tax is a source of funding for the county solid waste services.

T.C.A. § 5-19-108. If the county services are provided within special service districts, they are funded by user fees, or a property tax levied only within the district served, or a combination of the two. T.C.A. §5-19-109. Plans for collection and disposal services must be submitted to the regional planning commission for study before they are carried out. T.C.A. § 5-19-112. The county must inspect these facilities at least once every quarter, and the commissioner of health may also investigate and make recommendations for improvement. T.C.A. §§ 5-19-113, 5-19-114.

County Board of Sanitation Reference Number: CTAS-526
One of the options given to counties for management of solid waste operations is through a county board of sanitation. T.C.A. § 5-19-103. Such a board may be established by resolution of the county legislative body and consists of three members appointed by the county mayor subject to confirmation of the county legislative body. The members of this board serve for terms of three years except for the initial appointments for one, two and three years to create a staggered system. Members of this board may be compensated according to a resolution of the county legislative body. T.C.A. § 5-19-104. This board has general supervision and control of the acquisition, improvement, operation and maintenance of all solid waste collection and disposal systems operated by the county. If this board is established, then it appoints a superintendent to be in charge of daily solid waste management operations. T.C.A. § 5-19-105.

Local Solid Waste Management Planning Reference Number: CTAS-527
In an effort to coordinate and plan for safe, efficient solid waste disposal in the state, the Tennessee General Assembly has enacted several pieces of legislation, which are compiled in Title 68, Chapter 211 of the Tennessee Code Annotated. To comply with the requirements of this chapter, all local governments must engage in specified planning and organizational activities. See the Solid Waste Management Act of 1991, T.C.A. §§ 68-211-801 through 68-211-874.

Municipal Solid Waste Regional Board Reference Number: CTAS-528
To begin implementation of the Solid Waste Management Act, counties were instructed to form solid waste regions (single or multi-county) and establish a solid waste board and advisory committee for each region. The primary function of this board is to make and annually update a plan for a 10-year disposal capacity and to achieve compliance with the waste reduction and recycling goal required by T.C.A. §§ 68-211-861, T.C.A. § 68- 211-813.

The regional boards are established by resolution of the county legislative body or by agreement of each participating county adopted by resolution of each county legislative body in the region and may be modified by agreement of the county legislative bodies. The board consists of an odd number of not fewer than five nor more than 15. Each member county must be represented by at least one board member. Municipalities that provide solid waste collection or disposal services, either directly or by contract, must be represented on the board. However, municipalities entitled to representation may agree to joint or multiple representations by a board member or for a county member to represent one or more municipalities upon agreement of the local governing bodies that share representation. Any such agreement must specify the method of making the shared appointment. Otherwise, members are appointed by the county and municipal mayors of the participating counties and municipalities, subject to confirmation by their respective legislative or governing bodies. Members of the county and municipal governing bodies, county and municipal mayors, county and municipal officers and department heads as well as other citizens may be appointed to the board. The county and municipal mayors, and any other authorities, who appoint members must strive to ensure that at least two (2) elected officials to serve on each regional board. Members serve terms of six years, except for initial appointments for two, four and six years to create staggered terms. T.C.A. §§ 68-211-861, T.C.A. § 68- 211-813.
Regional areas (and their boards) may be changed only by approval of the county legislative bodies of the counties involved in the change and with the approval of the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, which will review the new or revised plans and receive information regarding the new board members. T.C.A. §§ 68-211-811, 68-211-813. These regional boards are constituted according to the provisions of T.C.A. § 68-211-813. Additionally, each region was required to formulate a plan for collection and disposal of solid waste in the area and submit this plan to the State Planning Office by July 1, 1994. A regional plan may be revised at any time to reflect subsequent developments in the region subject to approval by the Department of Environment and Conservation. Each municipal solid waste region must submit an annual progress report to the department regarding how this annual activity affects the regional plan over the next 10 years. T.C.A. § 68-211-814.

Plan Requirements Reference Number: CTAS-529
The plan and any revised plan, submitted by each region must be consistent with the state solid waste plan and with all relevant state laws and regulations. At a minimum, each plan must contain the following items:
1. Demographic information;
2. A current system analysis of waste streams, collection capability, disposal capability, costs, and revenues;
3. Adoption of the statutorily required uniform financial accounting system;
4. Anticipated growth trends and waste capacity needs for the next 10 years;
5. Anticipated waste capacity needs;
6. Planned capacity assurance, including a description of planned or needed facilities;
7. A recycling plan;
8. A plan for the disposal of household hazardous wastes;
9. Adoption of the statutorily required reporting requirements;
10. A description of waste reduction and recycling activities designed to attain the goal required by T.C.A. § 68-211-861;
11. A description of education initiatives designed to achieve the goals stated in the statute;
12. An evaluation of multi-county solid waste disposal region options with an explanation of the reasons for
adopting or failing to adopt a multi-county regional approach;
13. A timetable for implementation of the plan;
14. A description of the responsibilities of each participating jurisdiction;
15. A certification of review and approval of the plan (or revised plan) from the Solid Waste Authority (organized under Chapter 211, Part 9), if such an authority has been formed, or if no such authority has been
formed, from the county legislative body of each county in the region;
16. A plan for managing solid waste generated as a result of disasters or emergencies; and
17. Any other information the commissioner of the Department of Environment and Conservation deems relevant.
T.C.A. § 68-211-815.

Solid Waste Authority
Reference Number: CTAS-519
A county (or counties in multi-county solid waste regions) may decide to form a solid waste authority to operate all solid waste systems within the region. (See the Solid Waste Authority Act in T.C.A. §§ 68-211-901 through 68-211-925.) Cities may participate or remain outside the authority, although all counties in the region must agree to the creation of the authority before it may be formed; a municipality with most of its territory in the county creating the authority may participate. T.C.A. § 68-211-903. Similarly, the authority can be dissolved by agreement of its participating counties and cities. The board of directors may be composed of the same members as the region’s solid waste board, but this is not required. The method of selection, officers required, terms of office, and vacancy procedures are described in T.C.A. §§ 68-211-904, 68-211-905.

The advantage of using a solid waste authority to oversee the region’s waste management lies in the authority’s broad statutory powers. The solid waste authority is a separate legal entity that may issue bonds, incur debts, enter into contracts, and exercise the power of eminent domain. With the concurrence of the counties and municipalities participating in the solid waste authority, it may exercise exclusive control over the publicly owned solid waste systems within its boundaries. T.C.A. § 68-211-906.

Public Ownership of Solid Waste Facilities Reference Number: CTAS-530
Counties have several options through which they may fulfill their responsibilities for solid waste management. They may contract with private entities for those services, they may provide services or contract for services through solid waste authorities, or they may provide the services themselves. A county or municipality may apply for a solid waste facility permit. A county may execute a contract of obligation instead of a performance bond to insure proper operation and closure of its publicly owned facilities.
T.C.A. § 68-211-116. In addition to equipment for collection and disposal of solid waste, a county may also construct and operate energy recovery and resource recovery facilities which process waste into energy fuels. T.C.A. § 68-211-502.

Flow Control and Regional Approval Options Reference Number: CTAS-531
State law appears to grant regions and solid waste authorities powers under certain conditions to direct the flow of solid waste generated within the region and to restrict the flow of solid waste into the region for disposal. However, federal court decisions, including U.S. Supreme Court rulings, make the validity of Tennessee statutes on flow control very questionable since the case law strongly indicates they may violate the commerce clause of the U.S. Constitution where regulatory power is exercised to control the flow of waste between private parties. Fort Gratiot Sanitary Landfill Inc. v. Michigan Dept. of Natural Resources, 112 S.Ct. 2019 (1992); C & A Carbone, Inc. v. Town of Clarkstown, N.Y., 114 S.Ct. 1677 (1994).

State law also provides that any construction or expansion of solid waste facilities or incinerators within the region must be approved by the board of the region or the (Part 9) solid waste authority if one has been formed before a permit is issued. The region or solid waste authority is to hold a public hearing after proper notice and may reject the proposal if it is inconsistent with the regional plan. T.C.A. § 68-211-814.

Sanctions
Reference Number: CTAS-532
If any region fails to submit a plan in a timely fashion, submits an inadequate plan, or fails to comply with other provisions of this act, then the commissioner of the Department of Environment and Conservation will impose the following sanctions:
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CTAS e-Li Operational Requirements
1. On the first instance of noncompliance, the commissioner shall issue a letter of warning indicating the reasons for noncompliance, setting forth the sequence of graduated sanctions for noncompliance and offering technical assistance to remedy the causes of noncompliance.
2. Any noncompliance should be resolved as soon as possible. If noncompliance continues for thirty (30) days after receipt of the warning letter, the noncomplying county or region will lose eligibility for funds from the solid waste management fund, unless the commissioner states in writing that, due to particular circumstances, a longer time is appropriate.
3. If noncompliance continues for sixty (60) days after receipt of the warning letter, then, in addition to any other penalty imposed by law, the commissioner may impose a civil penalty of not more than five thousand dollars ($5,000) for each day of noncompliance beyond the sixty-day period.
Any civil penalty will be assessed in the same manner as provided in § 68-211-117(b). Any penalty collected pursuant to this section shall be deposited in the solid waste management fund. T.C.A. § 68-211-816.
Operational Requirements Reference Number: CTAS-533
There are several different sources of authority governing the operation of solid waste disposal facilities, including federal legislation and regulations as well as state law and its implementing rules. In addition to the Solid Waste Management Act, it is important to note the Solid Waste Disposal Act (T.C.A. §§ 68-211-101 through 68-211-124) as well as other relevant sections in Title 68. Furthermore, other governmental entities such as counties, municipalities, and boards of health may also adopt regulations governing solid waste disposal if their standards are at least as stringent as those set out by the state Department of Environment and Conservation and consistent with state and federal law. T.C.A. § 68-211-107.
Minimum Service Levels Reference Number: CTAS-534
Each county must see that there is at least one solid waste collection and disposal system for the needs of county residents; at a minimum, there must be one or more convenience centers, unless a higher level of service, such as household garbage pickup, is provided. The service is to be coordinated with those available from municipalities within the county and may be supplied directly by the county, by contract, or through a solid waste authority. The convenience centers must also comply with regulations developed by the Department of Environment and Conservation. T.C.A. § 68-211-851.
Problem Wastes Reference Number: CTAS-535
Certain substances are no longer to be placed in a landfill but are to be disposed of through alternative methods. Among these is household hazardous waste. To provide for the safe collection of these household hazardous wastes, the Department of Environment and Conservation must provide, directly or by contract, for the collection of such wastes on designated days in each county. The county or authority is responsible for advertising the location of these units, the days and hours on which they will be available, and examples of hazardous household wastes. Furthermore, the county or solid waste authority must appoint at least one person to represent the county or authority to be present at the site on collection days in order to assist those operating the mobile collection unit. T.C.A. § 68-211-829. Depending on a county’s population, competitive grants may be available for a permanent household hazardous waste collection site. T.C.A. § 68-211-828.
Other examples of wastes prohibited at landfills include whole waste tires, lead-acid batteries, and used oil, all of which will no longer be accepted at any solid waste disposal facility or incinerator. Each county
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CTAS e-Li Baled Waste and Inspections
must provide at least one site to receive and store these materials. T.C.A. § 68-211-866. Whole waste tires may not be placed in a landfill. T.C.A. § 68-211-867.
Baled Waste and Inspections Reference Number: CTAS-536
There are special detailed instructions governing the disposal of baled waste. It may not be placed in a landfill unless (1) that facility is licensed to receive hazardous waste, (2) the waste was baled and certified according to the procedure specified by statute, or (3) the waste was properly verified by the supervisor of the receiving landfill. T.C.A. § 68-211-119. A manifest that gives the nature of the waste, its origin and destination and the names and addresses of all those in possession of it must accompany the baled waste and be maintained for 30 years. T.C.A. § 68-211-120.
In an effort to prevent the processing and disposal of unlawful materials, the operator of each facility must inspect the waste. The inspection should be conducted according to a plan that is approved by the commissioner of environment and conservation and is similar to that for baled waste. T.C.A. § 68-211-119.
Education – Solid Waste Plan Reference Number: CTAS-537
A component of each region’s solid waste plan must be an education program “to assist adults and children to understand solid waste issues, management options and costs, and the value of waste reduction and recycling.” T.C.A. § 68-211-842. After a region’s plan is approved, the Department of Environment and Conservation may award matching grants for implementing the education program. T.C.A. §68-211-847.
Recycling
Reference Number: CTAS-538
Each county must provide at least one site for the collection of recyclable materials within the county. T.C.A. § 68-211-863. From funds available from the solid waste management fund, the Department of Environment and Conservation is required to provide a matching funds grant program for the purchase of equipment needed to establish or upgrade recycling at a public or not-for-profit recycling collection site.
However, these grants will generally not be granted if there is adequate equipment at privately-owned facilities which serve the same area. The eleven counties which generate the greatest amount of solid waste receive a rebate from the state surcharge on waste disposed of in the county in accordance with a formula described in T.C.A. § 68- 211-825. A county may only expend the rebate for recycling purposes and must expend from local funds an amount equal to the amount of the rebate towards this purpose.
Counties which receive recycling rebates are not eligible for the recycling equipment grants. Reporting Requirements
Reference Number: CTAS-539
Each solid waste region must submit an annual report to the Department of Environment and Conservation. This report is to follow the format prescribed by the department and must contain solid waste information in the following areas: collection, recycling, transportation, disposal, public costs, and any other information which the department deems relevant. In conjunction with the annual report, each region must also submit an annual progress report on the implementation of the region’s solid waste disposal plan. T.C.A. § 68-211-871. There are additional reporting requirements for operators of recycling collection centers and for owners and operators of solid waste disposal facilities and incinerators. The owner or operator of a Class 1 disposal facility, incinerator, or transfer station must keep records of all amounts and county of origin of solid waste, measured in tons, received at the facility. T.C.A. §§ 68-211-862, 68-211- 863.
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CTAS e-Li State Revenue, Funding and Grants
State Revenue, Funding and Grants Reference Number: CTAS-540
A state fund through which most of the statewide programs are financed is the solid waste management fund. It is funded in part through a state surcharge of 90 cents on each ton of municipal solid waste received at all facilities or incinerators. T.C.A. § 68-211-835. Additionally, the state solid waste management fund receives revenue from a predisposal fee of $1.35 per tire collected by dealers upon the sale of a each new tire in this state (beginning July 1, 2014 counties can choose to receive $1.00 of this fee directly from the department of revenue if they choose not to enter into tire grant contracts with TDEC). Counties, municipalities, and solid waste authorities may be able to receive grants from the fund for such activities as planning assistance (T.C.A. § 68-211-823), programs to establish or upgrade statutorily-required convenience centers (T.C.A. § 68-211-824), recycling (T.C.A. § 68-211-825), education (T.C.A. § 68-211-847), and waste tire collection and disposal (T.C.A. § 68-211-867). Additionally, the Department of Environment and Conservation, from available funds in the solid waste management fund, may directly or through contract, investigate and clean-up un-permitted waste tire disposal sites. T.C.A. § 68-211-831.
In 2015 the General Assembly enacted the Tire Environmental Act to establish a fee on each purchase of a new motor vehicle. The fee is administered by TDEC and is intended to be used for tire environmental programs, including local grants, subsidies or loans. This fee does not impact the existing predisposal fee on the sale of tires for which counties receive $1 per tire for the processing of waste tires.
Local Revenue Sources Reference Number: CTAS-541
In addition to state aid, there are several other sources through which counties and other governmental entities may fund their solid waste management operations. In general, these options are cumulative; they may be used singly or in mix-and-match combinations to suit each area’s needs. These revenue sources include the following choices:
1. Tipping Fee. Any county, municipality, or solid waste authority that owns a disposal facility or incinerator may impose a tipping fee on each ton of waste or its volume equivalent. The amount of the fee is deter– mined according to the cost of providing services, and the uniform solid waste accounting system is to be used to arrive at this cost. Revenue raised by the tipping fee is to be used only for solid waste management purposes. T.C.A. § 68-211-835(a).
2. Host Fee. In order to encourage regional use of solid waste disposal facilities or incinerators, a county that is host to a solid waste disposal facility or incinerator used by other counties in the same region may impose a surcharge on municipal solid waste received at any such solid waste disposal facility or incinerator by resolution of its county legislative bodies in the region. These revenues may be used only for solid waste management purposes or to offset costs resulting from hosting the facility. T.C.A.
§ 68-211-835(e).
3. General Surcharge. After approving the regional solid waste plan, a municipality, county, or solid waste
authority may impose a surcharge on each ton of waste received at a disposal facility within that area. Funds collected through this surcharge may be expended for collection or disposal purposes. T.C.A.
§ 68-211-835(f).
4. Disposal Fee. A county, city, or solid waste authority may collect a mandatory user fee that bears a reasonable relationship to the cost of providing disposal services. This fee may be imposed on residences and businesses. A disposal fee may not be imposed on a waste generator who owns the facility for processing its own waste. A county disposal fee may be imposed on municipal residents if the municipal residents have access to the services funded by the disposal fee, such as a convenience center.
Op. Tenn. Att’y Gen. 93-49 (July 23, 1993). Disposal fee revenues may be used only to establish and maintain collection and disposal services to which all county residents have access. Upon agreement with the area’s electric utility, these fees may be collected as part of the utility’s billing process. T.C.A. § 68-211-835(g).
5. Property Tax. A county may levy a general county-wide property tax to pay for waste collection and disposal services if all persons in the county are to be equally served, but such a county-wide levy shall be unlawful if any city, town or special district in any city or town, that, through its own forces or by contract, provides such services within its boundaries, or if any other part of the county is to be excluded from the service area. T.C.A. § 5-19-108.
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CTAS e-Li Local Revenue Sources